10 years ago, the revision of the old standards for residential solid fuel burning appliances were decided.
Due to administrative barriers and legal requirements for harmonized standards according to the Construction Products Regulation the release has been continually delayed. The new standards should reflect the state of art and replace the following predecessor standards:
|EN 16510-1:2022||General requirements and test methods||EN 16510-1:2018 a||Residential solid fuel-burning appliances – Part 1: General requirements and test methods|
|EN 16510-2-1:2022||Roomheaters||EN 13240:2001||Roomheaters fired by solid fuel – Requirements and test methods|
|EN 16510-2-2:2022||Inset appliances including open fireplaces||EN 13229:2001||Fireplace inserts including open fireplaces fired by solid fuel – Requirements and test methods|
|EN 16510-2-3:2022||Cookers||EN 12815:2001||Cookers fired by solid fuel – Requirements and test methods|
|EN 16510-2-4:2022||Independent boilers for solid fuels – Rated output up to 50 kW||EN 12809:2001||Boilers fired by solid fuel – Rated output up to 50 kW – Requirements and test methods|
|EN 16510-2-5:202x b||Slow heat release appliances fired by solid fuel||EN 15250:2007||Storage-fired appliances fired by solid fuel – Requirements and test methods|
|EN 16510-2-6:2022||Mechanically by wood pellets fed roomheaters, inset appliances and cookers||EN 14785:2006||Roomheaters for pellets firing – Requirements and test methods|
a 16510-1:2018 was only used for measurements of PM, OGC, and NOx
b Part 2-5 has not yet been published
In addition to parts 2-1 to 2-6, the part 2-7: “Mechanically by wood pellets fed and wood logs roomheaters, inset appliances and cookers” is being worked on.
The standard series EN 16510-x residential solid fuel burning appliances consists of several parts. Part 1 specifies general requirements for appliances and the applicable test methods. Parts 2 describe device-specific requirements (essential and descriptive features) and define information for the performance declaration according to the European Construction Regulation. All Parts 2 are to be applied in connection with Part 1. Annex A (test methods) of Parts 2 must always be considered.
New requirements haven been established. It is now required to measure the emissions of the appliances and to determine the seasonal space heating energy efficiency as well as energy efficiency class. In addition, the emission limits for PM, NOx, OGC and CO have been adapted to the requirements of the Ecodesign Regulation (EU) 1185/2015. The emission limits for the seasonal space heating energy efficiency per type of appliance have also been adapted to the requirements of the Ecodesign Regulation (EU) 1185/2015. In the course of the safety test, additional distances compared to the predecessor standards must be measured. A risk assessment must be carried out for certain devices.
In emission tests for fireplaces fired by wood logs, three cycles must be considered for calculating the average emission, two of them must be consecutive. For all other fuels, two consecutive cycles must be considered to calculate the average emission in the course of the emission test.
To determine the efficiency of fireplaces fired by wood logs, three cycles must be considered for calculating the average, two of them must be consecutive. For all other fuels, two consecutive cycles must be considered for calculating the average in the course of efficiency tests.
With the harmonization of the standards series, the EN-PME method according to Annex F of EN 16510-1:2022 becomes mandatory for type testing. Furthermore, the content and requirements of Annex ZA change significantly, so the Declaration of Performance must be adjusted accordingly.
Use of historical data
The Sector Group SG03/WG2 of designated test laboratories for roomheaters for solid fuels discussed the application of the new standards and further use of test results from previous tests (historical data). This was presented using EN 13240 and EN 16510-2-1. A common position shall be published as an approved guide by GNB-CPR. The development of separate documents as position papers of SG03/WG2 for the use of historical data for other parts such as EN 14785 and EN 16510-2-6 will follow later.
The final evaluation of whether historical data from an existing type test report can be adopted will be made individually by the notified bodies. After approval of the guideline, we will publish details on the evaluation and use of historical data.
Due to the high demand and the high administrative effort, we recommend conducting new tests now and reviewing your test reports early.